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Luhmann's Antinet Zettelkasten Was Not Forced Into Its Structure Due to 'Technological Limitations'


Scott P. Scheper

Downtown San Diego, CA




Tuesday 7:24 pm

Dear Friend,

Niklas Luhmann did not put casual thought into the design of his antinet (aka, an analog zettelkasten).

One scholar focuses on Luhmann's decision to use hard-coded non-changing Notecard ID's (aka "Fixed ID's" placed in the top-right or top-left of the notecard). The scholar is the most qualified researcher on Luhmann's antinet. He has spent countless hours pouring over Luhmann's actual antinet in person; he's also written the most in-depth account of its contents to date. This very scholar deems Luhmann's non-changing Notecard ID's as an essential pre-requisite for creativity in Luhmann's system.[1]

You see, Luhmann was very familiar with how the human memory works. Moreover, he was familiar with how computer memory would work in the future; he understood its theory.[2] The scholar concluded, Luhmann architected the antinet with computer technology in mind, which emphasized the benefits of multiple storage.[3]

Here's why it's important to understand this: There seems to be perennial confusion stemming from the presumption that Luhmann was forced into designing the antinet due to the technological limits of his time.[4]

Luhmann was not forced into structuring his antinet zettelkasten in such a unique way due to technological limitations. This is pure imaginative speculation. Luhmann could have chosen a commonplace book structure. He could have even chosen a taxonomy classification scheme. He could have adopted a scheme inspired by Paul Otlet, or a Dewey Decimal Classification system. He could have used an informal hierarchical categorization notecard system used by the likes of Ryan Holiday.[5]

He did not do any of this; there exist several important reasons why.

You see, Luhmann's design of the antinet, according to one scholar, was a deliberate choice.

It is comprised of four components, which, are represented in the acronym "ANTI" for antinet——how perfectly convenient!

The four components are:

  1. A - Analog (This is one of the most overlooked yet important components of the antinet)
  2. N - Numeric Fixed Card ID's
  3. T - Tree structure (Note: a Tree is NOT a hierarchy; each leaf on a tree is a note (or a node). Each note has a different location on a tree, NOT a different status on a tree! There is no father leaf, mother leaf, or child leaf. There are just leaves. On different branches).
  4. I - Index. The map which you use to navigate your tree. It's how to start at one branch, and navigate across its leaves. You can even swing from a vine (a notecard link) to a completely different branch. You can navigate down stems of thoughts that ruminate over decades.

All four of these components create a network. A thinking network. An analog thinking network.

Much, much more is to be revealed to you in the future when I release my book on the antinet.

Until then, bear with me. I'm working on making it easy for you to understand! Every single day. Until then, please provide me with any feedback or questions you have.

Here's how you can help:

Update: The Offer Below Has Now Expired. It ran for six months. It was for early adopters and readers of this material! Regardless, make sure you head over to, and do two things: (1) Signup for my private mailing list, and (2) Get ready for the book I'm about to release on the Antinet! -Scott

I'm active on the Reddit Zettelkasten community and intend to source your questions and comments there.

Here is a link to the Reddit Zettelkasten community:

You can find me on some thread there. Here's my user profile:

In the future, I'll be releasing a book on the true nature of Niklas Luhmann's Zettelkasten. I refer to Luhmanesque zettelkastens as, antinets.

Because you're an early supporter of mine, I've decided to do something that will end up costing me a lot of money...

I've decided to give you a copy of my new book, signed by me, and I'll even pay for the cost of shipping it to you!

I'll restate that. I will send you a free, signed copy of the book I release on the antinet. This book will show you precisely how Luhmann created an analog thinking mind. It will show you step-by-step how to create the system responsible for producing 70 books, and 550 papers. The antinet zettelkasten will enable you to create the genius-level work you're capable of producing.

All I ask is that you do the following:

  1. Write to me, in handwritten format.
  2. On the piece of paper write something like:

"Hey Scott! I'd like for you to send me a copy of your book on Antinet Zettelkastens. Oh, and I'd love for you to sign it too. Also, thanks Scott for paying the shipping cost!"

  1. Mail the above-handwritten letter to me at:

Scott P. Scheper
600 W. Broadway, Suite 700
San Diego, CA 92101

Mail this to me in the next week. After that, I may be pulling this offer down. But it's good at least for a week.

If you're reading this now it means the offer is still valid! Follow the steps outlined above... like right now! I'm serious!

That's all I'm gonna say on that.

If it's not obvious how much of a no-brainer this offer is at this point, then... well to hell with it. And to hell with you!


(Actually, I'm not. If you don't want a free book signed by me, you eat crayons).

Oh, and why am I asking you to write me a hand-written letter?

Because I want you to stop being a lazy pussy. I want you to invest time in someone who wants to change your life.

I'm not someone who wants the lazy-ass email addresses of average Joe-blows.

I want to communicate with the best people, and I want to serve the very best people.

The people I serve are ones serious enough about their growth and craft that gasp... they'll actually take the time to mail in a simple letter requesting a free book on it!

Alright, enough of my preaching. Turn off the noise and distraction of your mind. Do as I say. Seriously. Do this now:

  1. Write to me, in handwritten format.
  2. On the piece of paper write something like:

"Hey Scott! I'd like for you to send me a copy of your book on Antinet Zettelkastens. Oh, and I'd love for you to sign it too. Also, thanks Scott for paying the shipping cost!"

  1. Mail the above-handwritten letter to me at:

Scott P. Scheper
600 W. Broadway, Suite 700
San Diego, CA 92101

Got it?


Look forward to hearing from you soon.

Peace and love.

And always remember...

To stay crispy my friend.


Scott P. Scheper

  1. Schmidt, Johannes. “Niklas Luhmann‘s Card Index: Thinking Tool, Communication Partner, Publication Machine.” Forgetting Machines. Knowledge Management Evolution in Early Modern Europe 53 (2016). Page 299. ↩︎

  2. “ZK II: Note 9 / 8b2 - Niklas Luhmann Archive.” Accessed September 21, 2021. ↩︎

  3. Ibid, 299. ↩︎

  4. sscheper. “The Fundamental Component Missing From Digital Zettelkastens.” Reddit Post. R/Zettelkasten, September 19, 2021. See comment, "I think that it's a restriction imposed on physical ZK." ↩︎

  5. Holiday, Ryan. “The Notecard System: The Key For Remembering, Organizing And Using Everything You Read.” RyanHoliday.Net (blog), April 1, 2014. ↩︎


Tuesday 8:12 pm

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